Diwali the festival of Lights – All that you need to know about Diwali

Deepawali or Diwali is the most important and biggest Indian festival. The festival got its name from two words (avail = row; clay lamps = deepa). India celebrates Diwali with row of clay lamps outside homes to symbolize the inner light that protects from spiritual darkness.

The word Deepavali(Diwali) is  derived from Sanskrit word Deepavali. Deepavali means ‘series of lamps’ i.e series of lighted lamps and this is the reason why the festival is also known as festival of Lights.

Diwali has become the national festival as the festival is also celebrated and enjoyed by non Hindu communities.

Diwali symbolizes the spiritual victory of light over darkness which also translates victory of Knowledge over Ignorance or “The Victory of Good over evil.

How is Diwali/Deepawali celebrated?

Diwali is a festival of 5 days hence preparations and rituals last five days. Celebrations begin with cleaning, renovating and decorating homes and workplaces. During these 5 days of Diwali celebrations celebrants adorn themselves in finest clothes and illuminate homes with diyas, offer puja to goddess of prosperity and wealth. Most of the celebrants light fireworks.


The Rites:

Day One – Dhanteras:

Celebrations begin with cleaning, renovating and decorating homes and workplaces. People shop for gold and utensils to help bring fortune.


Day Two – Naraka Chaturdasi:

Homes are decorated with clay lamps and the celebrants create design patterns i.e Rangoli on floor using coloured powders or sand.


Day Three – Lakshmi Puja:

3rd day is the main day of the festival hence families gather together for Lakshmi Puja. Puja is followed by a feasts and fireworks festivities.


Day Four – Padwa, Balipratipada:

Day 4th is also called as the first day of the New Year. Hence friends and relatives visit with gifts and best wishes for the season.


Day Five – Bhai Duj and Bhaiya Dooji:

5th Day is very special because brothers visit their married sisters who welcome them with love and a lavish meal.


Economic Importance of Diwali:

Largest shopping happens during Diwali period. People shop Gifts, Gold and new clothing. Any spending or investment during Diwali period is considered as auspicious as the festival celebrates goddess Lakshmi. Most of the e-commerce platforms like Amazon, Flipkart offer huge discounts during Diwali period.

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